Vladimir Putin was born on the October 7, 1952 in Leningrad , now Saint Petersburg .
Family (Vladimir Putin Biography 2023)
Son of Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin (1911-1999), a factory foreman and former officer in the Soviet Navy, who served in 1933 and 1934 in the submarine fleet. He was awarded medals on “For military merit”, “For the defense of the Leningrad” and “For the victory over the Germany”. He has been a member of the CPSU since 1941. His mother was Maria Ivanovna Putina (1911–1998), a factory worker.
During World War II, his mother was wounded and disabled by a grenade during the siege of Leningrad, his mother was trapped and nearly starved to death.
His two older brothers, born in the 1930s, died, the first a few months after birth, and the second of diphtheria during the Siege of Leningrad.
He grew up in an apartment and shared by three families.
He studied at School No. 193 in his hometown. He graduated in Law at the University of Saint Petersburg, where he taught with the city’s future mayor, Anatoli Sobchak .
In 1975 he began his professional life in the Foreign Intelligence Directorate of the Committee for State Security ( KGB ) in the USSR .
In 1984, he was selected to attend the Red Banner Intelligence Institute, where he learned German and English. Since 1985, he has carried out counterintelligence tasks in Dresden, Germany. He reportedly controlled the loyalty of Soviet diplomats. He worked for the KGB until 1991 after sixteen years as a spy.
In 1990, he was appointed deputy rector (dean) for international affairs at Leningrad State University, where he controlled student loyalty.
In 1998, he was appointed head of the FSB, the reconstituted KGB.
Political career (Vladimir Putin Biography 2023)
He turned to politics working in the city council of the tsars’ capital, first as head of foreign affairs and as mayor beginning in 1994. He resigned as mayor in 1996 after Sobchak’s defeat, moving to Moscow . Among other cases of irregularities that are attributed to him at that time, there were dubious contracts and export licenses that allegedly served to evade capital to Spain .
Five years later, in 1996, he came to the Kremlin with a new circle of friends that includes people known in Russia as “oligarchs” or ” young reformers .””, protagonists of the vertiginous jump to the market economy. But neither in that period nor later, after his appointment in August 1999 as prime minister to unleash the war in Chechnya , did he forget his origins in the secret services.
Since he came to power, he has been inspired by the tradition of the ” Lubianka “, the KGB headquarters building that bears the name of the square where it is located. In the corridors of the Kremlin, he rose to the leadership of the Federal Security Service, heir to the fearsome police apparatus.
President of Russia
Putin ran as a candidate for the Presidency of Russia , being victorious in the 2000 Russian presidential election , after which he was re-elected to the post in 2004. In 2000 he made his first visits to Western capitals in London (17 December April), Rome (June 5 and 6, where he was also received in audience by the Pope in the Vatican), Madrid (June 13 and 14), Berlin (June 15 and 16) and Tokyo (September 4 and 5 ). On January 25, 2000, he held his first summit with the CIS heads of state in Moscow.
In May 2004, he was sworn in for his second four-year term as Russia’s president. The president swore the oath with his right hand on a unique copy of the Constitution, which together with the banner and the Order of Merit of the First Degree constitute the symbols of Russian presidential power.
In September 2004, he dismissed the North Ossetian Interior Minister, Kazbek Dzantiev , and the region’s security officer, Valeri Andreïev, for the hijacking of a school in the city of Beslan that killed 333 people. Also in September 2004 he was appointed president of the Commonwealth of Independent States (the union of 12 former Soviet republics) at the summit of this organization held in Kazakhstan.
During his presidency there were high rates of economic growth, with a 72% increase in GDP and a 50% decrease in poverty.
His government enjoyed high popularity ratings, being re-elected for his second term, with 71.31% of the votes in favor, however; due to the restrictions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, he could not aspire to a third consecutive term, so he supported the candidacy of Dmitry Medvedev for the presidency, who won the 2008 Russian presidential election, and appointed Putin himself , as President of the Government of Russia . Putin is also the President of the United State of Russia and Belarus , having assumed that position on May 7, 2008. United Russia
candidate in the 2012 Russian presidential electionfor a third term, on March 4, 2012, he achieved victory in the first round ahead of the leader of the Russian Communist Party, Gennadi Zyuganov , the ultranationalist Vladimir Yirinovski and the billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov .
Annexation of crimea
In early 2014, after the change of power in Ukraine, Russia annexed Crimea. The Russian government, perceiving the development of events in Ukraine as a threat to its fundamental interests, took a radical course and on February 20 decided to directly annex the territory of Crimea. Ukraine refused to recognize the loss of the territory, considering it in its legislation as a temporarily occupied part of the country, and Russia’s actions as violations of several previously concluded agreements, including the Budapest Memorandum and the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. This act was not recognized by the majority of the international community and led to the imposition of sanctions on Russia by the United States and allied states and organizations.
On Sunday, March 18, 2018, the Russian president swept the presidential elections in a climate of confrontation with the West, achieving a fourth term. The participation was the lowest in the history of the elections in Russia until then. Vladimir Putin got more than 70% of the vote. The candidate of the Communist Party, Pavel Grudinin , received 15%, and the third most voted candidate was the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party , the ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky , with 5.9%.
During all his years in power, Putin tried to rebuild the post-Soviet space, considering the fall of the USSR to be the greatest geopolitical tragedy of the 20th century. Convinced nationalist and staunch defender of the power of the Russian State and of what the elite inherited from the Soviet regime consider the national interests of the people, inside and outside the borders of Russia.
On Thursday, February 24, 2022, Vladimir Putin ordered a large-scale attack in Ukraine. The Kremlin announced the launch of a “special military operation” against Ukraine with the aim of “demilitarizing” the country.
This invasion precipitated a major international crisis and the United States, the European Union and other of their allies (United Kingdom, Australia and Japan) presented a series of economic-financial sanctions against Russia as a closure to the Western financial system; the imitation of access to Russian banks to international credits; pressure on Russian companies on international stock markets; the paralyzation of the assets of the Bank of Russia and of public and private banks, in addition, sanctions were imposed against political leaders and Russian oligarchs. The action affects the assets of the Russian political and economic elite and, consequently, internal support for the invasion; mobility ban on Russian airlines, among others.
On March 3, the United Nations General Assembly voted to condemn Russia for the invasion and demanded its withdrawal. Resolution ES-11/1 was approved by 141 votes to five (with 35 abstentions).
On a global scale, the invasion and associated sanctions led to a reduction in international trade and a sharp increase in food and energy prices.
In response to what Putin called “aggressive statements” from the West, he ordered the nuclear deterrent units of the Russian Federation’s Strategic Missile Forces to be placed on high alert.
On September 30, 2022, Putin announced a partial mobilization and signed the decrees annexing the Donetsk, Luhansk, Zaporizhzhia and Kherson oblasts of Ukraine to the Russian Federation. The annexations are not recognized by the international community and are illegal under international law.
During 2005, he was proclaimed “Distinguished Citizen of the City of Kazan”. On December 19, 2007, he was voted Time Magazine’s “Person of the Year.” In 2011 he received the Confucius Peace Prize for “his peaceful position of him and against the idea of bombing Libya.”
Marriage and daughters (Vladimir Putin Biography 2023)
Married on July 28, 1983 to Lyudmila Shkrebneva, a school teacher from whom he divorced in 2014. He was the father of two daughters: Maria and Yekaterina.
He is abstemious, he likes to practice sports, especially wrestling. He achieved a black belt in judo.
Graduated from the Law Faculty of Leningrad State University (LGU).
Since 1977, he worked in the investigative department of the KGB in Leningrad.
From 1985 to 1990 he served in the residence of the Soviet foreign intelligence in the GDR. On December 31, 1999, after the resignation of President Boris Yeltsin, he was appointed interim president of Russia.
Elected President of Russia for the first time on March 26, 2000, and then re-elected in 2004, 2012, and 2018.
In early 2014, after the change of power in Ukraine, Russia annexed Crimea.
In February 2022, Putin signed a decree recognize the DPR and LPR and decided to invade Ukraine.
Reserve Colonel (1999). Acting State Councilor of the Russian Federation, 1st class (1997). Doctorate in Economics (1997).